Archive for June, 2011

Louis XIV

Posted: June 8, 2011 in Uncategorized

Motifs

Columns, pediments, arches, balustrades, draped figures, niches, quoins, swag and cartouches.

Architecture

Types

Hotels, Chateaux, and Palais de Versailles

Floor Plans

Strive for symmetry along at least on axis, if not two. Rooms are rectangular.

Materials

Stone with brick, and wood and plaster.

Facades

Windows and doors

windows are large to admit more light. French windows are developed as doors onto porches or balconies.

Roofs

Mansard, hipped, and/or Flat.

Interiors

Types

ceremonial interiors are the most lavishly appointed and the most formal, although most dwellings have less formal, private spaces.

Materials

Rich and costly materials dominate interiors.  Interior architectural details include niches with classical figures and pilasters dividing walls into bays, which repeat the exterior design.  Balustrades and daises subdivide and separate spaces to support etiquette and ritual.

Color

The typical color palette includes white, gold, crimson, cobalt, purple, and deep green.

Floors

Floors are of wood, marble, or other masonry, often in complicated patterns.  Use of parquet increases throughout the period.

Furnishings and Decorative Arts

Types

Cabinets, tables, and storage pieces.

Material

Beech, oak, walnut, and ebony. most pieces are gilded and feature marquetry or parquetry.

Seating

Upholstered chairs and sofas are very common.  They are rectangular with high backs, and include a chaise, fauteuil (upholstered open armchair), bergere (upholstered closed armchair), and canape (sofa).  Upholstered seats have fancy trim and gilded nails.

Tables

Gaming, conversation, and entertainment. Console table, the Bureau plat.

Beds

decorative arts

European Baroque

Posted: June 8, 2011 in Uncategorized

Trevi Fountain

Design Characteristics

Motifs Classical

elements like pilasters and pediments are common. Others are colossal columns, C and S scrolls, shells, swags, flowers, figures, sculpture niches, and cartouches. Mannerist use pilasters that taper at the base.

Architecture

Types

Churches, palaces and palace complexes, town and country homes, and public buildings.

St Peters Basilica

Site Orientation

Churches, public buildings, and some palaces are no longer self contained and isolated. They project into and enclose spaces around them.

St. Maria della Salute

Floor Plans

Large churches and basilicas are of the Latin Cross, smaller churches and shrines feature centralized plans symbolizing universal concepts. Domestic Plans may be U Shaped.

St Carlo alle Quattro Fontane

Materials

Local stone or brick. Contrast in color and/or material accent and emphasize parts and elements.

Facades

Classical elements, movement, and center emphasis characterize facades. Layers of elements, combinations of curved and straight lines, advancing and receding planes.

Windows

Rectangular or curvilinear with circular or triangular pediments or complex, curvilinear surrounds.

Doors

Center emphasis defines entrance, impressive in scale and ornament, arches, columns, and pediments. Made of paneled wood or heavily carved.

Roofs

Gabled with domed crossings and chapels. Oval domes are preferred.

Dome St. Carlo

Church of St. Nicholas

Interiors

Types

Several Anterooms, each more magnificent then the last.

Nave, St. Peter’s Basilica

Materials

Rich Materials and strong contrasting colors create, support, and enhance the goals of inspiration and awe. Real or painted color marble, Carved and gilded woodwork, and stucco-work.

Architectural details

Articulate and define areas.

Sacristy of La Cartuja

Color

Rich and highly saturated Reds, greens, blues, and purples. Contrast of color are common.

Lighting

Artificial lighting is minimal, only the rich could afford Candles, candle sticks, Candelabra, sconces, and chandeliers in gold or silver.

Floors

Marble, brick, lead-glazed tile, or stone.

Walls

Important spaces may be painted, or gilded. Marble typically covers church walls.

Fireplaces

Mantels with classical details replace hoods.

Ceilings

Vast interior spaces and vistas with barrel or groin vaults, domes, and arches.

St. Ignazio

Furnishings and Decorative Arts

Types

Seating, tables, Storage pieces, and beds.

Distinctive Features

Large scale, strong contrasts of color, and sculptured effects. Boldly carved figures combined with leaves, scrolls, shells, and other details for the legs of cabinet stands and tables.

Materials

Local and imported hard woods, Chief decorations are carving, gilding, lacquer inlay, veneer, or marquetry.

Seating

Increased emphasis on comfort, suites of furniture, day beds, and easy chairs. Combine wood with mother of pearl, exotic woods, and marble embellishments.

Tables

Consoles and tables with rectangular, usually marble tops feature exuberant carving and gilding. No table specific to eating.

Storage Cabinets

Chest of drawers, and wardrobes. Beds Raised on a dais or placed behind a balustrade.

Decorative Arts

Trade with the Orient fosters a desire for porcelains and lacquerwork. Gold and Silver framework often surround precious porcelain.